I sarcofagi della necropoli nord di Hierapolis in contesto: due casi di studio
Parole chiave:Hierapolis, necropolises, sarcophagi, topography, funerary inscriptions
The contribution presents the preliminary results of three campaigns (2017-2019) of survey and study at Hierapolis in Phrygia (Turkey), conducted by archaeologists from the University of Pisa within the framework of the Italian Archaeological Mission at Hierapolis (MAIER). The ongoing research program has focused on the northern necropolis in this site, its monuments and sarcophagi (both in marble and local stone), with particular reference to buildings and artifacts from the II-IV centuries CE. The project addresses two closely related questions. Firstly, it aims at providing a full typological and stylistic account of the fragmentary marble sarcophagi from the northern necropolis now in the deposit of the Italian Archaeological Mission, mostly recovered from surveys and excavations in the area of tombs 169-174 during the early 1990s. These fragments seem to belong to semi-finished garland chests (likely produced by local craftsmen), as well as to columnar sarcophagi which find close parallels with types attributed to workshops from Docimium. Secondly, the project discusses a significant case study for the understanding of Roman sarcophagi in their architectural context. Thanks to a full review of the archaeological and epigraphic evidence from tomb 159c, it has been possible to reconstruct patterns and changes in ownership, use, and movement in a significant area of the necropolis across three centuries.